Design, consulting and construction

APRR invests to maintain, modernise and enhance safety along the network. APRR curates the assets entrusted to it, carrying out road maintenance, resurfacing and lighting improvement works to make driving safer, while also building motorway areas that provide innovative services.

The Group continues to develop its infrastructure, to cope with growth in traffic and to ensure ideal driving conditions across the network. Investments serve a variety of purposes, including creating new links, increasing the number of lanes  to smooth traffic flows and increasing the number of network access points to better serve the communities through which it passes.
In order to successfully complete all these projects under the supervision of the French State and to ensure that the motorway serves the public interest, APRR operates in partnership with all other stakeholders.

Key figures

Stakeholders and responsibilities

All stakeholders (including the French government, APRR [concession operator] and local authorities) work together to develop areas and communities in a coordinated approach. Each partner’s responsibilities are clearly defined:
  • The government decides on the project, and acts as the contracting authority for design studies and preliminary procedures when planning new links. It establishes the calendar and specifications, appoints the concession operator and upholds compliance with the concession agreement during the construction and operating phases.
  • APRR acts as contracting authority for the detailed design studies, licensing procedures and works. These actions are based on an operating programme defined by the government. During the period covered by the government contract, APRR is responsible for management and maintenance of the structure. The Group collects toll payments to fund its investments in  network improvements and repay capital loans.
  • Local authorities are invited to state their requirements at each stage of the project construction process, enabling projects to be fine-tuned for local needs and constraints. In some cases, they also contribute to projects financially.

Depending on the state of progress of development projects (in either the preliminary or operational phase), the French government, the concession operator and local authorities may share responsibility for design activities, project studies, public inquiries, construction and finance.

Preliminary phase : stakeholder responsibilities

For new links

The French State:
  • manages the  public debate process and consults with local authorities
  • defines the link options  via service plans
  • conducts the preliminary studies and decides on a 1,000 m wide corridor
  • conducts the preliminary design studies  and decides on a 300 m wide band
  • manages the consultation procedure (possibly managed jointly)
  • submits a project located inside the 300 m band for the public interest inquiry
  • declares public interest and publishes the commitments made by the State
  • selects a concession operator after a European-wide competitive bidding process.

For supplemental investments

The French State:
  • initiates the project based on the requirements states by local authorities or the concession operator
  • gives the ministerial green light for the operation and determines the funding approach.

The concession operator:
  • provides the government with summary files describing the interchange system, the number of lanes and any requests in principle
  • formalises the finance agreements with the relevant local and regional authorities.

Operational phase : stakeholder responsibilities

The concession operator:
  • defines the  detailed project schedule 
  • selects actors: project manager, land operator, architect, landscape architect, etc.
  • conducts preliminary studies and organises a  local consultation process in liaison with the project manager
  • is responsible for land management
  • conducts the necessary  licensing procedures (relating to the public interest status of supplemental investments, the Water Act, cadastral issues, planning permission, classified facilities, etc.)
  • appoints contractors after conducting a competitive bidding process, following suggestions from the project manager
  • leads construction work and performs quality control
  • commissions and subsequently operates the structure.

The project manager:
  • designs the project in accordance with the project schedule
  • supports the client regarding the local consultation process
  • prepares the contractor selection process
  • leads and monitors execution of the construction works by contractors
  • supports the client by monitoring costs, schedule compliance and work quality.

The French State:
  • verifies compliance of the built structures
  • authorises commissioning
  • enforces the commitments made by the various stakeholders.

Consulting, discussion and recognition

As a developer, APRR is attentive to  the role of partners in projects. APRR precedes every project  by organising a consultation with all local, regional and national stakeholders at the earliest stage. Regular discussions are organised with elected representatives, government agencies, local residents and businesses directly concerned by the planned development, in order to address any specific issues relating to economic activities, farming or natural habitats.
Public meetings are also held in local communities concerned by the development project. A  permanent public information system  featuring posters, special works signage, newsletters and websites, for example, is set up to inform people about project progress.
This approach informed by outside inputs and dialogue also applies to land purchasing procedures. In most cases, compulsory purchases are avoided by compensating owners, tenants and farmers based on valuations determined by the land agency France Domaine in accordance with the applicable protocols. Only 2% of cases result in compulsory purchases. In 95% of cases, land is purchased via unforced sales; in the remaining 3%, the procedure is rendered complicated by difficulties in identifying owners or by joint ownership issues.

Assessment under the "LOTI" Domestic Transport Act

As a concession operator, APRR is subject to statutory obligations under the LOTI Domestic Transport Act. 
Before final approval can be issued, large infrastructure projects must be subjected to a forward-looking assessment of their economic and social effects and their consequences for the environment. 
APRR and AREA have therefore commissioned  socioeconomic and environmental assessments for the major motorway links entrusted to them by the French government.

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